Born in Tacoma, WA, USA.
Started refereeing officially in Seattle, WA, 1973 - 1978: varsity high school, semi-professional league, junior college.
Moved to Jerusalem, Israel 1979 - refereed 25 years in Israel’s premier league and 20 years in FIBA including 2000 - 2003 in Euroleague.
Since 2007, referee instructor and coach.
2007 - 2017 Instructor at more than 20 FIBA tournaments + clinics and camps, video observations, individual coaching and mentoring. Certified FIBA instructor (FRIP).
Since 2016: Euroleague/Eurocup referee coach.